Cobar is a town in central western New South Wales, Australia. The town is 712 km (442 mi) northwest of the state capital, Sydney. It is at the crossroads of the Kidman Way (to Queensland) and Barrier Highway (to South Australia). The town and the Local Government Area, the Cobar Shire, are on the eastern edge of the outback. At the 2006 census, Cobar had a population of 5,194, out of Cobar Shire's population of about 7,000. The Shire has a surface of 44,065 square kilometres (17,014 sq mi)—about two thirds the size of Tasmania.