The City Square is a pedestrian plaza and former civic centre located in the Central Business District of Melbourne
. The square is currently bounded by Swanston Street, Collins Street, Flinders Lane and the Westin Hotel. Melbourne Town Hall
(1870) and St Paul’s Cathedral (1891) are prominent landmarks to the north and south respectively. The square has been redeveloped several times and associated with a number of controversies over the years.
Melbourne was originally planned with a number of large parks around the periphery of its central business district, but lacked a major civic open space in the heart of the city.With the substantial reduction of its area and the opening of the nearby Federation Square
in 2002, the civic importance of the City Square was diminished.