The Bowen Basin contains the largest coal reserves in Australia. This major coal producing region contains one of the World's largest deposits of bituminous coal. The Basin contains much of the known Permian coal resources in Queensland including virtually all of the known mineable prime coking coal. It was named for the Bowen River, itself named after Queensland's first Governor, Sir George Bowen.
The Bowen Basin covers an area of over 60,000 square kilometres in Central Queensland running from Collinsville to Theodore. There was a combined population of 41,973 people in the area in 2001. The Ornamental Snake is a small reptile native to the Bowen Basin region.
Most of the basin's open cut and underground coal mines are located in the north. The basin had 48 operational coal mines in August 2011. In mid 2011, evidence of a continuing mining boom was provided by state government figures which showed more than 50 mining projects are under consideration in the Bowen Basin. The Goonyella railway line is the main route for exports of coal via Dalrymple Bay and Hay Point. Exports are also sent via the Port of Gladstone. Rio Tinto Coal Australia's Kestrel Mine, near Emerald was named after a bird found in the area.
Major Coal Mines:
- Byerwen Mine while still under development employed 1,000 workers in August 2011.
- Curragh Mine employed 1,600 workers in August 2011.
- Dawson Central Mine employed 1,560 workers in August 2011.
- Goonyella Riverside Mine employed 2,360 workers in August 2011.
- Hail Creek mine employed 1,270 workers in August 2011.
- Peak Downs Mine employed 1,760 workers in August 2011.
- Saraji Mine employed 1,615 workers in August 2011.
Fairview Gas Field:
The Fairview gas field is developed by the Comet Ridge Project, a coal seam gas extraction project in the Bowen Basin. Fairview is PL 91 located in the Comet Ridge Project Area comprising PLs 90, 91, 92, 99,100, 232, 233,234, 235 and 236 and ATPs 526P, 653P, 655P and 745P, some 500-600 kilometres north-west of Brisbane
or 100-200 kilometres north of Roma
. Total area is approximately 5,000 square kilometres, stretching 175 kilometres to the north from Injune
The project is operated by Santos Limited, which has a net revenue interest of 76.07%, and a working interest of 79.5%. Santos acquired the Comet Ridge coal seam gas project comprising Fairview and 4,000 square kilometres of exploration acreage in 2005 through the acquisition and subsequent merger of Tipperary Corporation’s Australian assets into the Santos gas portfolio. The remaining participants, which include origin parties, hold a combined net revenue interest of 22.93%, and a working interest of 20.5%.
Scotia Gas Field:
The Scotia gas field is in the Bowen Basin, onshore Eastern Queensland, approximately 340 kilometres north-west of Brisbane and 145 kilometres north-east of Roma on the Burunga anticline within PL 176. The area of PL 176 is approximately 213 square kilometres. Santos has a 100% working interest in the project.