Biloela ( /bɪləˈwiːlə/ bil-ə-WEE-lə) is a rural town in Central Queensland, Australia. It is situated 120 kilometres (75 mi) inland from the port city of Gladstone at the junction of the Burnett and Dawson highways. At the 2006 census, Biloela had a population of 5,371. Biloela is the administrative centre for the Banana Shire, which has an area of 15,729 square kilometres (6,073 sq mi). Biloela is generally believed to be Aboriginal for 'black or white cockatoo' (the Government dockyards were known as Biloela during 1870–1913 in an endeavour to remove the perceived stigma of the prior Cockatoo Island convict establishment).