Baghlan is a city in northern Afghanistan, in the eponymous province, Baghlan Province. It is located three miles east of the Kunduz River, 35 miles south of Khanabad, and about 1,700 metres above sea level in the northern Hindu Kush. Baghlan has a population of approximately 120,000, of which around 50% are Pashtuns, 40% Tajik, and 10% Uzbek. Baghlan grew as an urban centre in the 1930s as a result of a new road from Kabul across the Kunduz River. Baghlan is the center of sugar beet production in the Afghanistan. Cotton production and cotton manufacturing are also important in the region.