The Licking River is a 303-mile-long (488 km) tributary of the Ohio River in northeastern Kentucky
in the United States
. The river and its tributaries drain much of the region of northeastern Kentucky between the watersheds of the Kentucky River
to the west and the Big Sandy River to the east.
The Licking River rises in the Cumberland Plateau of eastern Kentucky, in southeastern Magoffin County
. It flows northwest in a highly meandering course past Salyersville and West Liberty
.The river basin supports several other fish species, including: redside dace, mimic shiner, streamline chub, slender madtom, blue sucker, paddlefish, and eastern sand.