The island covers 1.64 square kilometres (0.63 sq mi), with 4.9 kilometres (3.04 mi) of coastline. The climate is equatorial, with little rainfall, constant Wind, and strong sunshine. The terrain is low-lying and Sandy: a coral island surrounded by a narrow fringing reef with a depressed Central area devoid of any lagoon with its highest point being 8 metres (26 ft) above sea level.
Baker Island is an uninhabited atoll located just north of the equator in the central Pacific Ocean about 3,100 kilometres (1,700 nmi; 1,900 mi) southwest of Honolulu. The island lies almost Halfway between Hawaii and Australia, and is a possession of the United States. Its nearest neighbor is Howland Island, 68 kilometres (37 nmi; 42 mi) to the north.