Founded in 1871, Phoenix is the capital city of Arizona & the 5th largest city in US. The metro area, called The Valley of the Sun, or just "The Valley", encompasses the cities of Tempe, Scottsdale, Glendale and Mesa.
Currently, there are 15 urban villages in the city: Ahwatukee Foothills, Alhambra, Camelback East, Central City, Deer Valley, Desert View, Encanto, Estrella, Laveen, Maryvale, North Gateway, North Mountain, Paradise Valley (not to be confused with the town of Paradise Valley), South Mountain and Rio Vista. Rio Vista was created as New Village in 2004 and is currently very sparsely populated, with no large amount of development expected in the near future.
Located in the northeastern reaches of the Sonoran Desert, Phoenix has a subtropical desert climate. In summer average high temperatures are typically over 100 °F (38 °C).
A major cultural, economical & political center, Phoenix's fast paced vitality opens a plethora of activities to its visitors. Shoppers will find pleasant, upscale galleries & boutiques in Scottsdale's Old Town. Outdoor adventure in Phoenix is endless with lots of hiking, biking and camping especially on Camel Back Mountain. The nightlife & culture of Phoenix is equally exciting & fun.