Lira is a city in Northern Uganda. It is the main municipal, administrative and commercial centre of Lira District. Lira was the main metropolitan center of the now defunct Lango District (which corresponds geographically with the current Lango sub-region). Lira is located approximately 110 kilometres (68 mi), by road, southeast of the city of Gulu, on the highway between Gulu and Mbale. This location lies approximately 270 kilometres (170 mi), by road, north of Kampala, the capital of Uganda and the largest city in that country.
Lira lies in Lira District. Lira District is part of Lango sub-region, which consists of the following districts: Alebtong District, Amolatar District, Apac District, Dokolo District, Lira District, Kole District, Otuke District and Oyam District. The city of Lira remains the principle commercial centre of the sub-region. The 2002 national census estimated the population of Lira at 80,879. In 2008, the Uganda Bureau of Statistics (UBOS), estimated the population of Lira at 98,300. In 2011, UBOS estimated the mid-year population of Lira at 108,600.