The National Theater (Chinese: 國家戲劇院) and National Concert Hall (Chinese: 國家音樂廳) are twin performing arts venues at Liberty Square
in Zhongzheng District, Taipei
. Completed in 1987, the landmarks stand on the south and north sides of the square with Chiang Kai-shek Memorial Hall
to the east. Together the venues are referred to by the abbreviation NTCH. The square itself sits near Ketagalan Boulevard, site of the Presidential Office Building
, the National Central Library, the National Taiwan Museum
, and the 228 Peace Memorial Park.
Taiwan's National Theater and National Concert Hall are two of the first major modern performing arts facilities to be established in Asia
. Upon the death of Chiang Kai-shek in 1975, the Kuomintang government authorized the construction of a monument and cultural arts facilities on the grounds of a memorial plaza. The project cost TWD 7 billion.
National Theater and Concert Hall, like all performing arts venues in capital cities, play diplomatic as well as artistic roles. Guests regularly include top elected leaders in Taiwan as well as international artists and dignitaries. Visitors over the years have included Margaret Thatcher of the UK, Mikhail Gorbachev of the USSR, Lee Kuan Yew of Singapore
, Rafael Calderón Muñoz of Costa Rica
and former First Lady Betty Ford of the U.S.The National Theater and Concert Hall host a constant stream of events by local and international artists each year.