The National Palace Museum (traditional Chinese: 國立故宮博物院 ) is an antique museum in Shilin
, Republic of China
. It is one of the national museums in the island nation of the Republic of China (Taiwan
), and has a permanent collection of more than 696,000 pieces of ancient Chinese imperial artifacts and artworks, making it one of the largest in the World
. The collection encompasses over 10,000 years of Chinese history from the Neolithic age to the late Qing Dynasty.Most of the collection are high quality pieces collected by China's ancient emperors.
The National Palace Museum's main building in Taipei was designed by Huang Baoyu (黃寶瑜) and constructed from March 1964 to August 1965.Due to the insufficient space to put on display over 600,000 artifacts, the museum underwent expansions in 1967, 1970, 1984 and 1996.In 2002, the museum underwent a major $21-million-dollar renovation revamping the museum to make it more spacious and modern.Permanent exhibitions of painting and calligraphy are rotated once every three months.Approximately 3,000 pieces of the museum's collection can be viewed at a given time.
Other Visitor Facilities:
Housed within the compound of the National Palace Museum, this classical Chinese Song and Ming style garden covers 1.88 hectares (18,800 m sq).It incorporates the principles of such diverse fields as feng shui, Chinese architecture, water management, landscape design, and Chinese folklore and metaphor. It contains numerous ponds, waterworks, and wooden Chinese pavilions.
Chang Dai-chien residence
The National Palace Museum also maintains the residence of renowned Chinese painter Chang Dai-chien. The residence, known as the Chang Dai-chien Residence or the Abode of Maya, was constructed in 1976 and completed in 1978.It is a two-story Siheyuan building with Chinese-style gardens occupying approximately 1,911 m sq. After Chang's death in 1983, the house and gardens were donated to the National Palace Museum and turned into a museum and memorial