Occupying almost 80 percent of the Arabian Peninsula areas, Saudi Arabian coastlines extend to the Indian Ocean, Persian Gulf and the Red Sea. Containing the holy Muslim cities of Mecca and Medina which alone attract over 3 million religious pilgrims from all across the World, Saudi Arabia beholds the most revered Islamic mosques in the world. Featuring several mountains, valleys and Red Sea beaches which hold potential to become excellent touristic destinations, Saudi Arabia is applying efforts to bring these to the forefront.
Holding the world’s largest oil reserves, Saudi Arabia is now trying to promote tourism and reduce its over-dependency on the export of oil. An Islamic absolute monarchy, concern has repeatedly been expressed about the state of human rights in this largest country of the Middle East. Largely displaying a desert climate with extremely high day temperatures and sharp drops at night, Saudi Arabia geography is dominated by deserts, semi-deserts and shrub-lands.