Vnukovo International Airport (Russian: Международный аэропорт Внуково; IPA: [ˈvnukəvə]) (IATA: VKO, ICAO: UUWW), is a dual runway international airport located 28 kilometres (17 mi) southwest from the centre of Moscow, Russia. This is one of the three major airports that serves Moscow, along with the Domodedovo International Airport and the Sheremetyevo International Airport. In 2013, the airport handled 11.18 million passengers, representing an increase of 15% compared to the previous year. It is the 4th-busiest airport in Russia and post-Soviet states. Vnukovo Airport was opened and used for military operations during the Second World War, but became a civilian facility after the war.
Location and Capacity:
Of the three Moscow airports, Vnukovo is the highest (204 m above sea level). Hence, in case of fog, it has frequently served as an alternative airport. The airfield has two intersecting runways of 3,000 metres (9,800 ft) and 3,060 metres (10,040 ft) in length. Each runway is 60 metres (200 ft) wide, with 10 m wide safety shoulders on each side. The joint runway capacity is 60 aircraft movements per hour.
The airport has two passenger terminals (Terminal A and Terminal B), one general aviation terminal (for charter and business flights), one cargo terminal, and 60 aircraft stands. The airport can handle a maximum of 10,100 passengers per hour, and 4,000 people are employed there. In 2013, the airport handled almost 11.18 million passengers, representing a 15.3% increase compared to 2012. In February 2014 the airport handled 722,500 passengers, an increase of 23.8% compared to February 2013, partly attributed to expansion by UTair Aviation and Transaero Airlines.