Coron is a first class municipality in the province of Palawan, Philippines, comprising the eastern half of Busuanga Island, all of Coron Island and about 50 other minor islets stretching as far as Tara Island in the northeast and Canipo Island in the south. All these islands are part of the Calamian Archipelago in Northern Palawan that separates the South China Sea from the Sulu Sea. According to the 2010 census, it had a population of 42,941 people.
The main population center of the municipality is composed of Poblacion Barangays 1 to 6, where the Municipal Building, the Municipal Legislative Building, and Judicial Hall of the Municipal Circuit Trial Court are located. Its fiesta is held annually on August 28 in honor of Saint Augustine. It is the commercial capital of the Calamian Islands.
The Calamianes Islands were originally inhabited by the Tagbanuas and the Calmiananen. A fort and church was built around 1670 by the Spaniards as part of the defenses along with Cuyo and Taytay against the Muslim slave raids in Libis, Culion . This became a settlement for two migrants to the Calamianes foremost among them were the families of a Cuyonon, Nicolas Manlavi, who served several years in Spanish Galleons and an Ilonggo from Jaro,Ilo-ilo Claudio Sandoval who later wed Nicolas' only daughter Evarista. The Sandoval clan of the Calamianes came from this union.