Calauit Island is a 3,700 hectare island in the Calamian island chain that lies off the coast of Palawan in the Mimaropa region in the Philippines. It is known for its wildlife sanctuary with a substantial population of African animals, including giraffes, zebras, and antelopes, as well as local fauna that all roam freely in a game reserve created by former president Ferdinand Marcos in the 1970s.The island is one of the Calamian Islands that lie in the Sulu Sea to the north of Palawan Island. It is just a short distance from the northwestern tip of Busuanga Island.The island has a hilly terrain with narrow coastal plains and vast grasslands among low hills. There are mountain ranges covering about 40 percent of the island, with peaks reaching from 500 to 900 feet. There are also small streams and creeks, which usually dry up in the summer months.