Meland is a municipality in the county of Hordaland, Norway.
The municipality is named after the farm of Meland. The norse name of the farm was "Meðalland". "Meðal" means "middle", while "land" means "farm" or "land", so that the name as a whole roughly means "the farm that is located in the middle".
Meland municipality was created when it was separated from Alversund municipality on 15 October 1923. Meland was one of many municipalities that were created for geographical reasons: the future municipality was separated from the rest of Alversund by the fjord, and transportation between the different parts of the municipality was unreliable and time-consuming. The creation of the municipality was approved in 1922, and the first election for the municipal council was held 23 August 1923. Meland encompassed all of Holsnøy except for the northernmost part, which belonged to Herdla municipality. An area in the north-east of Askøy also belonged to Meland municipality.
In 1962, the Schei Committee concluded its survey of the organization of Norway's municipalities. The committee recommended enlarging Meland municipality, transferring the northern part of Holsnøy as well as the minor island of Øpsøy from Herdla municipality to Meland, as well as Flatøy and Håøy from Hamre municipality. Simultaneously, Meland would lose the parts of the municipality located on Askøy to Askøy municipality. Hordaland county approved the move, and the border changes came into effect on 1 January 1964. A proposal to change the name of Meland municipality to "Holsenøy" was rejected. Hamre and Herdla municipalities ceased to exist, and their territory was divided between Lindås, Osterøy and Meland, and Askøy, Øygarden and Meland, respectively.