Šalčininkai ( pronunciation (help·info), Polish: Soleczniki) is a city in Vilnius County, Lithuania, situated south-east of Vilnius, near the border with Belarus.
Šalčininkai received its city rights in 1956 and is now a capital of the Šalčininkai district municipality. Šalčininkai features a multi-ethnic population of Poles (72%), Lithuanians (13%), Russians (7%), Belarusians (4%). Šalčininkai contains the highest percentage number of Poles of any city in Lithuania. The city's coat of arms, designed by Arvydas Každailis, shows three hazelnuts symbolizing solidarity of the population. Polish Olympic Champion in the pole vault, Władysław Kozakiewicz was born in the town.