This museum was opened in 1994, with three main exhibitions halls.
The first hall introduces the history of Petra and the Nabataeans, the geology of the Petra region, as well as special examples representing Neolithic food processing, Edomite pottery, Nabataean sculpture, and hydraulic engineering.
The second hall is dedicated to specific excavations, starting with the Neolithic village at Beida, then the Iron Age settlement at Tawilan, the Nabataean and Late Roman houses on Az-Zanter, the Zurrabah pottery kilns dated to the late 1 st century BC through to the 6 th century AD, the Nabataen Temple of the Winged Lions, the Qasr Al-Bint Temple in the city centre, and finally the Petra Church Project. A special exhibit representing earthquakes, Nabataean trade and Petra in the medieval period can also be seen in this hall.
The third hall deals with various artefacts, such as jewellery, lamps, bronze statuettes, terracotta figurines, pottery, and coins, with special emphasis on the manufacturing processes.