Yakushima is a town located in Kumage District, Kagoshima, Japan. The town is on the island of Yakushima and Kuchinoerabujima. On October 1 2007, the town was formed by the merger of the towns of Kamiyaku and Yaku, both from Kumage District. As of 2008, the town has an estimated population of 13,486 and the density of 24.9 persons per Square kilometer. The total area is 540.98 Square kilometers. Yakushima Airport serves Yakushima. There are also hydrofoils and ferries serving the island. Kuchinoerabujima is accessible by a municipal ferry.