The Viali di Circonvallazione are a series of 6-lane boulevards surrounding north part of the historic centre of Florence
The boulevards follows the outline of the ancient walls of Florence, that were demolished since 1865 according to the Giuseppe Poggi's project to make Florence, then the capital of Italy
, a modern and big city like the others European capitals.
The big boulevards were inspired by the similar parisian boulevard.
In the draw near the doors of the city were created big square and palaces site of the new bourgeois of the capital.
Today the viali di Circonvallazione are the main arterial street of Florence for the traffic from west to east.
- The route (from west) starting from Ponte alla Vittoria bridge is:
- Viale Fratelli Rosselli (with Torre della Serpe and Leopolda Station)
- Piazzale of Porta al Prato
- Viale Filippo Strozzi (aroung the Fortezza da Basso)
- Viale Spartaco Lavagnini
- Piazza della Libertà (with San Gallo door, Triumphal arch and the Parterre)
- Viale Giacomo Matteotti
- Piazzale Donatello (around the English Cemetery)
- Viale Antonio Gramsci
- Piazza Beccaria (with Porta alla Croce, Archive of State and La Nazione headquarters)
From here the boulevards divide into:
- Viale Giovine Italia (with the Torre della Zecca and Arno River)
- Viale Giovanni Amendola