Siena is a city in Tuscany, Italy. It is the capital of the province of Siena.
The historic centre of Siena has been declared by UNESCO a World Heritage Site. It is one of the nation's most visited tourist attractions, with over 163,000 international arrivals in 2008. Siena is famous for its cuisine, art, museums, medieval cityscape and the Palio, a horse race held twice year.
- Siena's cathedral (Duomo) - Begun in the 12th century, is one of the great examples of Italian Romanesque-Gothic architecture.
- The Museo dell'Opera del Duomo - Contains Duccio's famous Maestà (1308–1311) and various other works by Sienese masters.
- The shell-shaped Piazza del Campo, the town square, which houses the Palazzo Pubblico and the Torre del Mangia, is another architectural treasure, and is famous for hosting the Palio horse race.
- On the Piazza Salimbeni is the Palazzo Salimbeni, a notable building and also the medieval headquarters of Monte dei Paschi di Siena.
- Housed in the notable Gothic Palazzo Chigi on Via di Città is the Accademia Musicale Chigiana.
- The Orto Botanico dell'Università di Siena - A botanical garden maintained by the University of Siena.
- The Medicean Fortress houses the Enoteca Italiana and the Siena Jazz School.
- Siena is also home of Sessione Senese per la Musica e l'Arte (SSMA)
In the neighbourhood are numerous Patrician Villa, numerous of which attributed to Baldassarre Peruzzi:
- Villa Chigi
- Castle of Belcaro
- Villa Celsa
- Villa Cetinale
- Villa Volte Alte
Churches in the city include:
- Basilica dell'Osservanza
- Santa Maria dei Servi
- San Domenico
- San Francesco
- Santo Spirito
- San Martino
- Sanctuary of Santa Caterina, incorporating the old house of St. Catherine of Siena.