Rossano is a town and comune in Southern Italy, in the Province of Cosenza (Calabria). The city is situated on an eminence c. 3. km from the Gulf of Taranto. The town is known for its marble and alabaster quarries. The town is the seat of a Catholic archbishop and has a notable cathedral and castle. Two Popes have been born in the town, along with Saint Nilus the Younger.
The Cathedral (11th century, with massive interventions in the 18th–19th centuries) is the main monument of Rossano.
The church of Santa Maria Panaghìa ("St. Mary of All Saints"), an example of Byzantine architecture.
The St. Mark Oratory (tenth century, originally dedicated to St. Anastasia) is the most ancient monument of the city and one of the best preserved Byzantine churches in Italy.
The church of Santa Chiara (1546–1554) was built by Bona Sforza.
The church of San Francesco di Paola (late 16th century) has a notable Renaissance portal and a cloister.
The late-Gothic church of San Bernardino (1428–62) was the first Roman Catholic church in Rossano.
Rossano is also the home of the internationally renowned annual Marco Fiume Blues Passion.
The Torre Stellata ("Star Tower") is a 16th century fortification built over an ancient fortress.
The Abbazia del Pàtire (11th–12th century), an abbey located in a wood outside the city.