Museum of Cinema (Museo Nazionale
del Cinema) located in Turin
, is an Italian motion picture museum, fitted out inside the Mole Antonelliana
tower. It is operated by the Maria Adriana Prolo Foundation, and the core of its collection is the result of the work of the historian and collector Maria Adriana Prolo. It was housed in the Palazzo Chiablese.
In 2008, with 532,196 visitors, it reached the thirteenth place among the most visited Italian museums.
The museum houses pre-cinematographic optical devices such as magic lanterns, earlier and current film technologies, stage items from early Italian movies and other memorabilia.
Along the exhibition path of about 35.000 square feet (3.200 msq) on five levels, it is possible to visit some areas devoted to the different kinds of film crew, and in the main hall, fitted in the temple hall of the Mole (which was a building originally intended as a synagogue), a series of chapels representing several film genres.
The museum keeps a huge and growing collection of film posters, stocks, and a library: at present it consts of 20,000 devices, paintings and printed artworks, more than 80,000 pictures, over 300,000 film posters, 12,000 movie reels and 26,000 books (as of February 2006).
A movie screen located in the Massimo multiplex, near to the museum, is reserved to retrospectives and other museum initiatives. The museum hosts several film festivals, the major and most prestigious of them being the Torino
Inside the museum there is also a Panoramic
elevator (opened in 2000) with transparent glass walls, that cover its 75 meters ride in 59 seconds, in the single open space span of the building, without middle floors, up to the "small temple" which gives a 360 degrees panoramic view of the city.
It is the museum with the biggest vertical extension of the World