Lucera is a town and comune in the Province of Foggia, in the Apulia region of southern Italy.
Lucera is an ancient city founded in Daunia, the centre of Dauni territory . Archeological excavations show the presence of a bronze age village inside the city boundaries. Lucera was probably named after either Lucius, a mythical Dauno king, or a temple dedicated to the goddess Lux Cereris.
Lucera hosts several monuments from different ages:
- The Roman Amphitheater, dating to Augustus' times and one of the largest in southern Italy. It was discovered in 1932: during the excavations, a statue of Augustus was found in the site It measures c. 131 x 99 m, of elliptical plan, and could host from 16,000 to 18,000 spectators. The area measured 75.2 x 43.2 m. The amphitheater could be accessed from two large portals, one towards Lucera and one towards Foggia; the two side accesses, as well as the external walls, are no more visible. It was perhaps destroyed in the capture of the city by the Eastern Roman Emperor Constans II in 663.
- The medieval Castle
- The Church of St. Francis
- The Cathedral, built in 1300 on the grounds of the last standing medieval mosque in Italy, which had been destroyed the same year.
- Church of the Carmen
- Church of St. Dominic
- Church of St. Antony the Abbot, whose dome was once part of the city's mosque.
- Church of St. John the Baptists