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Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol, South Tyrol, Italy
Brixen is a town in South Tyrol in the Italian region Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol. The third largest city and oldest town in the province (first mentioned in 901), the artistic and cultural capital of the valley. It is located at the confluence of the Eisack/Isarco and Rienz/Rienza rivers, 40 km north of Bolzano and 45 km south of the Brenner Pass, on the Italy-Austrian border.
The Cathedral (10th century), was rebuilt in the 13th century and again in 1745-1754 along Baroque lines. The ceiling of the nave has a large fresco by Paul Troger portraying the Adoration of the Lamb.
The Hofburg, a Renaissance Bishop's Palace (13th century), one of the main noble residences in South Tyrol. The Diocesan Museum has several artworks, including a presepe with 5,000 figures created for Bishop Karl Franz Lodron.
The round parish church of Saint Michael (11th century). The Gothic choir and the bell tower are from the 15th century while the nave is from the 16th. The main artwork is a wooden Cireneus from the 15th century.
The "Pharmacy Museum" Pharmaziemuseum Brixen, located in a nearly 500-year-old townhouse, shows the development and changes of the "City - Pharmacy".
Outside the city is Rodeneck Castle, one of the most powerful of its time. It has precious frescoes from the early 13th century. Also important are Reifenstein Castle and Trostburg Castle in Waidbruck. In the latter lived the adventurer and minstrel Oswald von Wolkenstein.