Ragunan Zoo is a 140-hectare (350-acre) zoo located in Pasar Minggu, South Jakarta, Indonesia. It is home to over 270 species of animals, 171 species of flora, and employs over 450 people. Many of the animals are endangered and threatened from all parts of Indonesia and the rest of the World. There are a total of 3,122 animal specimens including birds.
Laid out in a lush tropical setting, such indigenous animals as the komodo dragon, orangutan, tapir, anoa, sumatran tiger, banteng wild ox and various brightly colored birds are given ample room. The zoo is located in South Jakarta and easily accessible through the Jakarta Outer Ring Road and Transjakarta busway network. The zoo was established in 1864 by a Dutch East Indies flora and fauna lovers organization, the Vereneging Plantenen Dierentuin of Batavia.
The Schmutzer Primate Centre:
The Schmutzer Primate Centre was opened in 2002, within the Ragunan Zoo but privately funded and managed separately. It is one of the largest of such centers in the world. The 13-hectare (32-acre) special enclosure houses various primates, including gorillas, chimpanzees and orangutans. The center was named after the late Pauline Antoinette Schmutzer, who donated her estate to the center. Dr Willie Smits of the Borneo Orangutan Survival Foundation designed the orangutan enclosure so that the orangutans have as natural an environment as possible. Thick dark glass allows visitors to see the orangutans while being invisible to them.
Special attractions for the children include a Children's Zoo, playground and rides, along with the Sunday events of elephant ride, pony cart and boat rides on Ragunan lake. Watching the orangutans on their daily tour of the zoo grounds in a pony cart. Restaurant facilities and picnic shelters are available for visitors convenience as well as stands for purchasing souvenirs of the zoo.