Bandung (Indonesian: Kota Bandung) is the capital of West Java province in Indonesia
, the country's third largest city by population, and second largest metropolitan area in Indonesia.Located 768 metres (2,520 ft) above sea level, approximately 140 kilometres (87 miles) south east of Jakarta, Bandung has cooler temperatures year-round than most other Indonesian cities. The city lies on a river basin surrounded by volcanic mountains. This topography provides a good natural defense system, which was the primary reason for the Dutch East Indies government's plan to move the colony capital from Batavia to Bandung.
The Dutch colonials first established tea plantations around the mountains in the eighteenth century, and a road was constructed to connect the plantation area to the capital (180 kilometres (112 miles) to the northwest). The Dutch inhabitants of the city demanded establishment of a municipality (gemeente), which was granted in 1906, and Bandung gradually developed itself into a resort city for plantation owners. Luxurious hotels, restaurants, cafes and European boutiques were opened, hence the city was nicknamed Parijs van Java (Dutch: "The Paris of Java").
Bandung is a popular weekend destination of residents of Jakarta. The cooler climate of the highland plantation area, the varieties of food, the cheaper fashion shops located in factory outlets and distros, golf courses, and the zoo, are some of the attractions of the city.Bandung is also a popular shopping destination for the good value of its textile and fashion products among Malaysians and Singaporeans.
The city attracts people from other big cities to buy local fashion wares, as they are cheaper than branded items.Beside at Cihampelas Street, many factory outlets also opened at Riau Street, Setiabudi Street, and Djuanda Street (known as Dago
). Textile factories on the outskirts of Bandung have opened factory outlets on site selling what is marketed as sisa export (rejected or over-produced export quality items).Bandung Supermal, Bandung Indah Plaza
, Ciwalk (abbreviation of Cihampelas Walk) and Paris van Java are popular shopping centres in Bandung.
Significant tourist sites near Bandung include the Tangkuban Prahu volcano crater to the north, the striking Kawah Putih
volcano lake, and Patenggang Lake
, a lake surrounded by tea plantations about 50 kilometres (31 miles) to the south of the city.
To see Bandung Basin clearly which is surrounding by the mountains, we can see from Bongkor protected forest area (kawasan hutan lindung), Saung Daweung, Arcamanik, in slope of West Manglayang Mountain. People known the area as Caringin Tilu with entry from Padasuka, Cicaheum to the north. The forest is located in 1,500 above mean sea level with pine trees managed by government corporation id:Perhutani and can be accessed in 30 minutes drive from downtown.