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Thane is a city in Maharashtra, India, at the head of the Thane Creek. It is the administrative headquarters of Thane district. On 16 April 1853, the G.I.P. Railway’s first train ever to run in India rolled out from "Boree Bunder" (now the Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus) to "Thane" (some migrants called it as thana because of their hard toung unable to speak Thane), 34 kilometers away. This marked the dawn of the Railway Age in Asia. It covers an area of 147 Sq Km and has a population more than 1.8 million within its municipal limits according to the 2011 census, it is Mumbai's most populated suburb.
Demographics and Culture:
Thane was inhabited with people of the Agri and Koli communities, and their villages still exist today as "Chendani Koliwada", "Kopari Goan", and "Uthalsar". It also includes Majiwade, Balkum, Dhokali, Kolshet, Wadavli, and others. In 1825, when the British explored their newly annexed territories in Bassein, they discovered that Thane was inhabited primarily by Roman Catholics, who are both native and Portuguese, and that the latter was virtually indistinguishable from the former in skin color and custom.
The local villagers, like Kolis (fishermen), are converted into indigenous Catholics mostly from villages of Chendani, Koliwada, and Majiwada. The Agri and Koli community people had their own culture. Some of the upper class East Indian families in the Khatri ward of Thane still speak Portuguese.
Thane has a predominantly Maharashtrian culture, although, like its neighbouring city Mumbai, it has a cosmopolitan culture as well. Because of the huge residential boom, the city has witnessed a large number of immigrants from the nearby city of Mumbai as well as from other pockets of state and country. The face of the city is nowadays becoming increasingly cosmopolitan. Beside Marathi, sizable populations of North Indians, South Indians, Sindhis, Gujaratis and Marwari and other people from different regions live in Thane, mainly because of its proximity to Mumbai. Thane is bordered by the Yeoor Hills on one side and is dotted with numerous beautiful lakes, which are a cause of cooler weather than that of Mumbai.
Lakes In Thane:
The city has around 35 lakes. The most beautiful of them is the Masunda Talao, also known as Talao Pali. The lake offers boating and water scooter facilities. The Upvan Lake is located at the foot-hills of the Yeoor hills and is a scenic spot. It is flanked by the Yeoor hills on one side and the tall Neelkanth Heights on one side, and is a common spot for recreation. Other lakes include:
- Masunda Lake (Talav Pali)
- Kachrali Lake
- Makhmali Lake
- Ambe Ghonsali Lake
- Siddheshwar Lake
- Jail Lake
- Joshi Lake
- Wagle Lake
- Upvan Lake
- Yashasvi Nagar Lake
- Kausa Lake
- Kharegaon Lake
- Raila Devi Lake
- Balkum Lake
- Rewale Lake
- Bramhala-Kolbad Lake
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