Shillong is the capital of Meghalaya
, one of the smallest states in India
and home to the Khasis. It is the headquarters of the East Khasi Hills District
and is situated at an average altitude of 4,908 feet (1,496 m) above sea level, with the highest point being Shillong Peak
at 6,449 feet (1,966 m).It is said that the rolling hills around the town reminded the European settlers of Scotland
. Hence, Shillong is known as "Scotland of the East." The density of Meghalaya state in the current decade is 342 per sq mile.
It has steadily grown in size and significance since it was made the civil station of the Khasi and Jaintia Hills in 1864 by the British. In 1874, on the formation of Assam as a Chief Commissioner's Province, it was chosen as the headquarters of the new administration because of its convenient location between the Brahmaputra and Surma valleys and more so because the climate of Shillong was much cooler than tropical India. Shillong remained the capital of undivided Assam until the creation of the new state of Meghalaya on 21 January 1972, when Shillong became the capital of Meghalaya and Assam moved its capital to Dispur in Guwahati.
Due to its latitude and high elevation Shillong has a sub-tropical climate with mild summers and chilly to cold winters.Under Köppen’s climate classification the city features a subtropical highland climate. Shillong is subject to vagaries of the monsoon. The monsoons arrive in June and it rains almost until the end of August. October–November and March–April are the best months to visit Shillong.
Although well connected by road, Shillong has no rail connection and a proper air connection. Umroi Airport has only limited flights.
Shillong is well connected by roads with all major northeastern states. Two major National Highways pass through:
Private bus operators as well as state transport buses from other states ply to and from Shillong daily. Sumo taxi service is also available to destination like Guwahati, Agartala, Dimapur and other northeastern towns and cities.
Places of Interest: