Sambalpur (Also pronouced as Samalapur) is a city in Sambalpur district in the Indian state of Orissa. It lies at a distance of 321 km from the state capital Bhubaneswar. In the year 1876, Sambalpur was established as a municipality.
It is currently the headquarters and the largest city of Sambalpur district. It is also the commercial capital of Western Orissa. After independence of India, many commercial and government establishments sprung up around Sambalpur making it the communication and administrative hub of Western Orissa. After the economic liberalisation of India in 1990 many industries opened up in and around this place, making this region as the industrial center of gravity of Orissa. Sambalpur is not only located on the Mumbai - Howrah rail route but it connects the rest of Orissa with western and northern India by rail. Sambalpur is a prime railway junction in Orissa with the headquarters of Sambalpur Railway Division located at this place. It is also a prime road junction with the crossing of NH-6, NH-42 and SH-10 through the city. Hirakud Dam, the longest earthen dam in the World and the largest artificial lake of Asia is situated here. Sambalpur is also the headquarters of Mahanadi Coalfields Limited, a subsidiary of Coal India Limited. Sambalpur is famous for Hirakud Dam, Sambalpuri Saree, Sambalpuri songs, Sambalpuri Dance, the Sitalsasthi Carnival,The Leaning Temple of Huma and Gandhi temple.