The Sabarmati River is a river in western India
and one of the biggest rivers of north Gujarat
. River Sabarmati is one of the major West flowing river of Gujarat which originates from Dhebar lake in Aravalli Range of the Udaipur District of Rajasthan and meets the Gulf of Cambay
of Arabian Sea after travelling 371 km. from the origin. The Sabarmati basin has a maximum length of 300 km. and maximum width of 105 km. The total catchment area of the basin is 21674 km sq out of which, 4124 km sq lies in Rajasthan State and the remaining 18550 km sq in Gujarat State.
Sabarmati River Basin is situated in the mid-southern part of Rajasthan. To its east lie the Banas and Mahi Basins, to its north the Luni Basin and to its west the West Banas Basin. Its southern boundary is the border with Gujarat State. The total catchment area of the Basin is 4,164 km sq. Sabarmati River Basin extends over parts of Udaipur, Sirohi, Pali and Dungarpur Districts. Orographically, the western part of the Basin is marked by hilly terrain belonging to the Aravali chain. East of the hills lies a narrow alluvial plain with a gentle eastward slope.
Sabarmati river rises in the Aravali hills, which roughly mark the western boundary of Udaipur District, i.e. Mount Abu area, and flows in a south-westerly direction. The main tributaries of the Sabarmati river are Wakal river and the Sei Nadi, which also rise in the Aravali hill range west of Udaipur city and flow south-westwards in courses generally parallel to the Sabarmati river, up to their confluence with the river (in Gujarat).Ahmedabad
, the commercial and political capitals of Gujarat were established on the banks of Sabarmati river.
Dams on Sabarmati River:
Major projects on Sabarmati River are: The Sei Dam, The Harnav Dam, The Harnav Weir, The Dharoi Dam, Hathmati Dam, Guhai Dam, Hathmati Weir, Watrak Project and Kalpsaar Project.