Tamil Nadu, India • http://tourism.pondicherry.gov.in
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Poompuhar is in the Sirkali Taluk of Nagapattinam district and it is also known as Kaveripoompattinam. The place has great historical importance. Among the dynamic dynasties that ruled over Tamil Nadu the Cholas held a place of esteem and used this ancient town as their port capital. This port town of Kaveripoompattinam has been mentioned and cited on the temple inscriptions, in ancient literature and travelogues and it has been referred to as Kaganthi, Sampapathi, Palarpukar Moothur, Mannagathu Vanpathi and Kolapattinam. There are frequent references to this important port town in ancient Tamil literature. Books like the Akananooru, Purananooru, Pattinappalai and Pathirruppathu refer to this town. Ancient Pali literature like Milindapan, Buuttha Jathakakathaikal Abithamma Avathar and Buddhavamsakatha and the travelogues of Periplus, and Merris Erithroy contain the references to Kaveripoompattinam. Ptolemy and Pliny also mention Poompuhar in their writings. Somaya a Buddha Pikkuni from Poompuhar donated one of the beautifully sculptured pillars that were erected by the Sunga-Kings of North-India during the second century B.C. The pillars carry the inscription Kaganthia Somaya Pikkunia Thanam which means “This Pillar was donated by Somaya Pikkuni of Poompuhar.” Buddhism flourished in Poompuhar two thousands years ago.
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