The Pilibhit Tiger Reserve came into existence in the month of sept of 2008, when Government of India approved the area for its inhabitants in the pilibhit district of Uttar Pradesh. This is one of the finest examples of the exceedingly diverse and productive Terai eco-systems. The reserve has a core area of 1089 km2 (proposed) and buffer area of 627 km2(proposed). The northern edge of the reserve lies along the Indo-Nepal border while the southern boundary is marked by the river Sharada and Khakra. It is home to a large number of rare and endangered species, which include tiger, leopard, swamp deer, hispid hare, Bengal floricans, etc.