Nhava Sheva, officially Jawaharlal Nehru Port, is the largest container port in India. Located in Maharashtra, the port on the Arabian Sea is accessed via Thane Creek. Major exports from Nhava Sheva are textiles, sporting goods, carpets, textile machinery, boneless meat, chemicals and pharmaceuticals. The main imports are chemicals, machinery, plastics, electrical machinery, vegetable oils and aluminium and other non-ferrous metals. The port handles cargo traffic mostly originating from or destined for Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Karnataka, as well as most of North India.
The JNPT Container Terminal is operated by JNPT. It has a quay length of 680 metres (2,230 ft) with 3 berths. The Nhava Sheva International Container Terminal (NSICT) is leased to a consortium led by P & O, now a part of DP World. Commissioned in July 2000, it has a 600 metres (2,000 ft) quay length with 2 berths. It can handle up to 15.6 million tons of cargo. NSICT was India’s first privately managed container terminal. The Gateway Terminal (GTI) has been leased to a consortium of APM Terminals and the Container Corporation of India. It started operations in 2006. The BPCL Terminal is leased to a joint-venture between Bharat Petroleum and Indian Oil. It mostly handles crude imports and refined petroleum products exports at its 2 berths. The port is well connected by rail and road to neighbouring Mumbai and to the rest of India.