Mormugao or Marmagao (formerly Mormugão in Portuguese) is a city and a municipal council in South Goa district in the Indian state of Goa. It is Goas main port. It was featured in the 1980 film The Sea Wolves and the Bollywood film Bhootnath.
As of 2001[update] India census, Mormugao had a population of 97,085. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Mormugao has an average literacy rate of 75%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 80%, and female literacy is 70%. In Mormugao, 11% of the population is under 6 years of age. When the Portuguese colonised part of Goa in the sixteenth century, they based their operations in the central district of Tiswadi, notably in the international emporium 'City of Goa', now Old Goa. As threats to their maritime supremacy increased, they built forts on various hillocks, especially along the coast. In 1624, they began to build their fortified town on the headland overlooking Mormugao harbour.