Kanpur previously Cawnpore, is one of the largest industrial towns of Uttar Pradesh and also is the administrative headquarters of Kanpur Nagar district & Kanpur division. It is one of the oldest industrial townships of North India. It has an area of over 300 km2 with an approximate population of 3 million inhabitants in its area. It is administratively divided into 6 zones and 110 wards with a ward population range of 19,000 to 26,000. It is the 75th largest city in the World.
Kanpur has a total GDP (PPP) of 22 billion US$ and it ranks as 9th among top 10 Industrial cities in India followed by Surat. Kanpur is one of the biggest producers of textile and leather products and they are exported in bulk. Apart from the leather and textile industries, the fertilizer, chemicals, two wheelers, soaps, pan masala, hosiery and engineering industries are also operating in the city. The private sector has also set up large units such as factories of the JK Industries group, Lohia machines, Duncans, etc.
In its city centre, Kanpur or the Mall is situated near Civil Lines area. The area consists of varieties of buildings. It is the major economic centre of Kanpur. The area is of 10 km sq. and has a population of around 200,000. The renovation of city centre is carried under by JNNURM and Kanpur Municipal Corporation. Recently, musical fountains and expending of the Mall Road has taken place.
Activities like protecting of old buildings of the 19th and 20th centuries has taken place in the area. The Reserve Bank of India, BSNL, SBI, Standard Chartered Bank, LIC, headquarters, Z Square Mall are situated here. There are varieties of shops, buildings and hotels situated here. The pincode of the area is 208001. The area is also home to Green Park which was one of India's 5 cricket test centres.
Flora and fauna:
Kanpur is home to many residential and migratory birds. Most of them can be spotted at Bithoor, IIT Kanpur campus and areas alongside the Ganges Canal. In the IIT campus you can find a large number of peacocks and nilgai. The city has Asia's biggest (area wise) zoological garden. Exotic species of flora are present at the CSA campus also.
The Kanpur zoo is famous for its cages designed to provide a natural habitat for the animals, and has a vast variety of animals. The water supply system of the zoo is a work of art, by an artist and engineer in the Sinchai Department of that time, Murari Sharan Saxena. He was also known for the design of gates of every Dam in whole Uttar Pradesh of that period. The Zoo is a part of a lush green area - The Allen Forest Zoo, Nawabganj.
- Green Park Stadium and its Modi Stadium, a cricket stadium
- Moti Jheel
- Nanarao Park
- Buddha Park
- Japanese Garden
- Mahatma Gandhi Park a.k.a. Katehri Bagh, Cantonment
- Kidwai Nagar Park
- Jungle Water Park
- Company Bagh
- Gora Kabristan, a graveyard
- Radha-Krishna Mandir, or J K Temple, a temple constructed of white marble dedicated to Krishna
- Panki Mandir, a historical temple of Lord Hanuman.
- Kherepati Temple, a well known temple of Lord Vishnu and Sheshnag.
- Anandeshwar Temple, situated on the banks of the Ganges at Parmat
- ISKON Temple, Bithur