Allahabad, is a city in the north Indian state of Uttar Pradesh in India. It is the administrative headquarters of the Allahabad District. Allahabad is the seventh most populous city in Uttar Pradesh, with an estimated population of 1.74 million living in the city and district area. In 2011, it was ranked the World's 130th fastest growing city. Allahabad is also known as the "city of prime ministers" because post independence seven out of 13 prime minister of India belonged to Allahabad (Jawaharlal Nehru, Lal Bahadur Shastri, Indira Gandhi, Rajiv Gandhi, Gulzarilal Nanda, Vishwanath Pratap Singh and Chandra Shekhar). All these seven leaders were either born in Allahabad, were alumni of Allahabad University, or got elected from a constituency in Allahabad.
Allahabad is known for its literary, artistic and revolted heritage; as the former capital of United Provinces it was the birthplace of holy scriptures- the Vedas and the grand epics, the Ramayana and the Mahabharata, and in the Puranas-as Prayag. Allahabad has been called the "literary capital of Uttar Pradesh". Allahabad's antiquity attracted curious itinerants from even the ear east. Huen Tsang and Fa Hien, the Chinese travelers, who visited it in the fifth and the seventh centuries respectively, found it a flourishing city.
Over the centuries that followed, Allahabad remained on the forefront of national importance-more so during the days of the Indian independence struggle. The city has a tradition of political graffiti depicting everything from outrageous slander to witty banter and limericks, caricatures, and propaganda.Allahabad has many buildings adorned with Indo-Islamic and Indo-Saracenic architectural motifs. Several well-maintained major buildings from the colonial period have been declared "heritage structures"; however, others are in various stages of decay.
Allahabad host largest auspicious religious gathering in the world known as Maha Kumbh Mela which is celebrated once in twelve year and Ardh (half) Kumbh Mela is celebrated every six years.
Allahabad Junction is one of the main railway junctions of the northern India. It is the headquarters of the North Central Railway Zone. The four prominent railway stations of Allahabad are Prayag Station, City Station at Rambagh, Daraganj Station and Allahabad Station. It is efficiently connected to most cities in Uttar Praesh as well as all major cities of India such as Kolkata, New Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, Hyderabad, Lucknow and Jaipur.
Allahabad Fort at Sangam
Near the Sangam is situated the Allahabad Fort built by Akbar in the AD 1583. Unrivalled for its design and craftsmanship in its heyday, the fort is now used by the army and only a part of it is open to the visitors. This huge, majestic fort has three magnificent galleries flanked by high towers. The visitors are allowed to see the Ashoka Pillar, Saraswati Kup (a well said to be the source of the river Saraswati), and Jodhabai Palace. The Patalpur temple and the much-revered Akshaya Vat (immortal Banyan tree) are also here
The Place which is famous for the sangam of three rivers named Ganga,Yamuna and Invisible Saraswati.All the three rivers have the great importance in Hindu mythology.On every 12th year a big carnival name KUMBH MELA and every 6th year ARDHKUMBH MELA held at SANGAM.This place become the world's most populus day in the days of KUMBH MELA
A fine museum today, Anand Bhawan was once index to one of the most powerful families of Indian politics, the Nehrus. Today, it houses memorabilia of the Gandhi-Nehru family.
Swaraj Bhawan, the historical building built by Motilal Nehru, was donated to the nation in 1930 to be used as the headquarters of the Congress Committee. The former prime minister of India Mrs. Indira Gandhi was born here.
Allahabad University has always occupied an esteemed place among the universities of India for over a century now. Established on 23 September 1887, it is the fourth oldest university of India after Calcutta, Bombay and Madras University. It is one of the most famous Universities of India. It has a sprawling campus, graced by fine buildings in Victorian and Islamic architectural styles. The Muir College is the science faculty of the Allahabad University. The Vijayanagram Hall of Muir College is known for its excelled Gothic architecture.
It is one of the Mughal Gardens, which was made by Jahangir in the memory of his beloved son Prince Khusro. The tomb of the prince was made in the centre of it. It is situated on G.T. Road near Allahabad Junction. Guava and mangoes of this garden are very famous.
Other place to visit are Chandrashekhar Aajad Park, Highcourt, Shankar Viman Mandapam Mayo Memorial Hall, Minto Park, Allahabad University, Allahabad Museum, Muir College, Jawaharlal Planetarium, and public library etc.