Akola is a city in the state of Maharashtra located in the Vidarbha region of central India. It is located around 600 km east of Mumbai (former "Bombay") and 250 km west of Nagpur. Akola is the headquarters of Akola District located in Amravati Division. Akola district has an area of about 54.31 square kilometers and population of 1,818,617 (2011 census). Marathi is the most popular spoken language, though Urdu, English and Hindi are also used. Akola District is bordered on the north and east by Amravati District, on the south by Washim District, and on the west by Buldhana District.
Akola, also called Cotton City, is known for its cotton production and is the largest cotton-producing district in India. The city is also famous for its pulses (dal), oil, and textile mills. Akola is also known for its medical facilities. It is a major center for advanced medical treatments, such as the Elizarov Technique, IVF. Major hospitals in Akola include the Civil Hospital, Chaudhary Hospital, Akola Critical Care Unit and Ozone Hospital.
The local administration body is the Municipal Corporation. Akola Municipal Corporation is headed by the Municipal Commissioner and an elected mayor.As of now The Municipal Corporation has been Permanently Dissolved and early elections are being declared. Mrs Jyotsna Gawai is the mayor of Akola city. There are 73 electoral wards in Akola. Akola Municipal Transport (AMT) runs Akola's public transport service. Akola Municipal Corporation has launched its web-site from 29-Dec-2011,
Industry and Eeconomy
The Akola MIDC Industrial Area has three prominent industrial zones on the outskirts of the city.Cotton and Jowar are the predominant crops grown in the district. Oil and Dal mills are also rampant. The economy is mostly agriculture based. Nowadays, soyabean crop is an important crop as major soyabean plants have come up in the area. The total land under Akola MIDC Industrial area is 6.25 km2. There are about 25 factories (3 large factories and 22 small factories) currently in production and another 10 small factories are in the process of being constructed. Maharashtra Government has sanctioned growth centres close to Akola MIDC area. An application of the Maharashtra Industrial Development Corporation (MIDC) for setting up an Agro- processing Special Economic Zone (SEZ) in Akola district has been approved. Maharashtra State Seeds corporation (Mahabeej) has headoffice at Akola.
Agriculture is the main occupation of the people in rural parts of the region. Cotton, soybean and Jawar (Sorghum) are the essential crops grown in the district. Other important crops of the region are wheat, sunflower, canola, peanut, Bajra (Pearl Millet), Harbara (Chick Peas), Toor (Pigeon Peas), Urad and Moong (Green Gram), etc. Most crops are dependent on the monsoon. Only 15% of Maharashtra's gross cropped area is irrigated, compared with the national average of 32.9% in 1989–90. Vidarbha's Amravati division's (including Akola District) share of gross cropped area under irrigation of 9%.Akola is a Cotton City.
Akola Airport (also known as Shivani Airport) is the domestic airport of Akola city at an elevation of 999 ft (304 m) and has one runway (4,600×145 ft). The airport is just 7 km away from the city on National Highway No. 6. The nearest international airport is at Nagpur (250) and at Aurangabad, Maharashtra (265). Renovation and operation of Akola airport is taken by Airport Authority of India.
The "NH6" runs through Akola from Hazira (Surat) to Kolkata. NH6 is a part of Asian Highway 46. Maharashtra state transport buses are most commonly used by people to travel to rural parts of the region. They are the cheapest means of transport. State-owned and private air-conditioned bus services run daily to most major cities to and from Akola. The bus frequency is good. Bus service is available for cities like Nagpur, bhopal, Indore, Hyderabad, Nanded, Amravati, Mumbai, Nashik, Jabalpur.
Akola railway junction, situated on both the broad gauge Howrah-Nagpur-Mumbai line and the Kacheguda-Jaipur meter gauge line, is an important junction for passengers from North and South India and also for freight trains.
Religion and Culture
Akola is a very old city. In 1857, it was the headquarters of West Berar forming a part of Nizam’s domain. In 1956 with the re-organization of states the district was transferred from Madhya Pradesh to then Bombay state and, in 1960, it becomes part of the Maharashtra state. The part of the city on the western banks of the river Morna is the old city. There is a fort in the old city on the western bank of the river Morna. The Municipal Corporation has laid a beautiful park know as Azad Park in the fort. The Havakhana in the fort still continues to be a monument worth seeing.
- Gram-daivat Shree Rajrajeshwar Mandir, Old City
- Birla Mandir (Ram Temple)
- Shreenath Dutta Mandir, Ramdas Peth
- Annapurna Devi Mandir, NH6, Balapur Naka
- Jain Temple at City Market Place
- Swami Samarth mutthh (Temple) at Ramdas peth
- Shree Kala Maruti temple at Old City
- Shree Bara Jyotirlinga Mandir, Jatharpeth Road
- Shree Sidhivinayak Temple Jathar peth Nr Prasad Colony Its a Most Popular temple of Lord Ganesha
- Jalaram Mandir Birla Colony
- Gurudwara Rly station Road
- Shri Ram Temple at Tilak Road
- Jama Masjid Inamdar Pura
- Raza Masjid Akot File
- Nagina Masjid Akot Stand
- Masjid Al-Falah 1600 Plots
- Akbar-plot Masjid Akot File
- Chaand Hafiz Masjid
- Ammajaan Masjid Old City
- Masjid Turaab Ali Nawab Pura