Békéscsaba is a city in Southeast Hungary, the capital of the county Békés.According to the 2001 census, the city has a total area of 193.94 km2 (75 sq mi).The name of the city comes from the word "Békés", which means "peaceful" in Hungarian, and "Csaba", a popular Hungarian male given name of Turkish origin.
The area has been inhabited since the ancient times. In the Iron Age the area had been conquered by the Scythians, by the Celts, then by the Huns. After the Hungarian Conquest, there were Many small villages in the area. The village of Csaba was first mentioned in the 1330s.
Besides Csaba, eight other villages stood where now the town stands. When the Turks conquered the southern and central parts of Hungary, and these territories became part of the Ottoman Empire, the town survived, but it became extinct during the fights against the Turks in the 17th century.