Neos Marmaras (New Marmara) is a village on the Sithonia peninsula, in the prefecture Halkidiki, Greece. In 2001, Neos Marmaras had 2,854 residents, the summer-time population has been estimated at 20,000. Situated on three shoreline hills, below the two mountains, Itamos and Tragoudeli (singing mountain). The main industries are tourism, agriculture (olives, wine, and honey), and fishing. Neos Marmaras is located 125 kilometres (78 mi) from Thessaloniki, and 55 kilometres (34 mi) from Poligyro. Most of the residents are originally from Marmara Island, in the Sea of Marmara; and from Parthenona, a small village on the mountain, Itamos. Neos Marmaras was formed by refugees from Marmara Island in 1925.