Hamburg is the second-largest city in Germany
, the thirteenth largest German state, and the sixth-largest city in the European Union.Hamburg is a major transport hub in Northern Germany and is one of the most affluent cities in Europe
.The city is a major tourist destination for both domestic and overseas visitors.
Hamburg has architecturally significant buildings in a wide range of styles and only a few skyscrapers. Churches are important landmarks, such as St. Nicholas's church, which in the 19th century was the World
's tallest building. The skyline of Hamburg features the tall spires of the most important churches St. Michael's Church
, St. Peter's Church
.Hamburg offers more than 40 theatres, 60 museums and 100 music venues and clubs. In 2005, more than 18 million people visited concerts, exhibitions, theatres, cinemas, museums, and cultural events.Hamburg possesses several big museums and galleries showing classical and contemporary art, as for example the Kunsthalle Hamburg
with its contemporary art gallery , the Museum for Art and Industry and the Deichtorhallen
/House of Photography.