Frankfurt Airport (IATA: FRA, ICAO: EDDF), known in German as Flughafen Frankfurt or Rhein-Main-Flughafen, is a major international airport located in Frankfurt, Germany. Run by transport company Fraport, Frankfurt Airport is by far the busiest airport by passenger traffic in Germany, the third busiest in Europe (after London Heathrow Airport and Paris-Charles de Gaulle Airport) and the 11th busiest worldwide in 2012. Passenger traffic at Frankfurt Airport in 2012 was 57.5 million.
As of winter 2012/2013, Frankfurt Airport serves the most international destinations in the World, serving 264 destinations in 113 countries. With a freight throughput of 2.07 million metric tonnes in 2012 it is the second busiest airport in Europe by cargo traffic. The southern side of the airport ground was home to the Rhein-Main Air Base, which was a major air base for the United States from 1947 until 2005, when the air base was closed and the property was acquired by Fraport. The airport covers an area of 16.8 square kilometres (4,200 acres).
Frankfurt Airport is the main hub of Lufthansa, Germany's flag carrier, and of Condor. Due to capacity constraints in Frankfurt, Lufthansa has established a secondary hub at Munich Airport, where many key medium and long-haul routes are available. The airport has been expanded several times since its opening in 1936 and has now two large terminals (Terminal 1 and Terminal 2), with a capacity of approximately 65 million passengers yearly, and four runways. In recent years, major construction works were necessary to make the airport compatible for the Airbus A380, including a large A380 maintenance facility, because Lufthansa has stationed its A380 aircraft fleet at Frankfurt Airport.
On October 20, 2011, the fourth runway went into operation, which will allow the airport to meet the predicted demand of about 700,000 aircraft movements in 2020. To handle the predicted passenger amount of about 90 million in 2020, a new terminal section adjacent to Terminal 1 for an additional six million passengers opened on October 10, 2012, and a large third terminal for 25 million passengers is scheduled to be built beginning in 2013.