The Chateau de Montaigne is a castle situated on the borders of Perigord and Bordelais, near Bergerac and Saint-Emilion, in the small commune of Saint-Michel-de-Montaigne in the Dordogne departement of France. This fortified castle dates to the 14th century and was the family residence of the Renaissance philosopher and thinker Michel de Montaigne.
Built in the heart of a majestic park, whose layout was designed by the philosopher himself, the residence was acquired in 1477 by the great-grandfather of Michel, Ramon Eyquem, a Bordeaux trader, who thus acquired the hereditary title of Seigneur de Montaigne ("Lord of Montaigne").
In 1584, Montaigne entertained in his castle the king of Navarre, Henri de Bourbon, the future Henry IV, and thus became a close royal friend at the same time as Condé, de Rohan and Turenne. Henry IV had already named him gentleman of the chamber (French: gentilhomme de sa chambre) by a patent letter of 1577.