Barlby is a linear village in North Yorkshire, England. It lies to the north-east of the market town of Selby, and is bordered to the west by The River Ouse and to the east by the A19 Barlby bypass. Across the bypass is Barlby's smaller sister village, Osgodby with which it forms the civil parish of Barlby with Osgodby.
Seen from the air, Barlby is long and thin, roughly three miles in length, and runs along the old route of the A19. Although it is classified as a single village, it consists of two distinct areas, Barlby Hilltop, at the north end of The Village, and Barlby Bridge which lies slightly to the south west. The building of new estates in recent years has meant, however, that the division between them has blurred somewhat.
Barlby Hilltop, contains Hilltop Primary School, the Post Office, a library, the Craig Bonner memorial centre, the late nineteenth century church, and Barlby High School, which also serves students from the surrounding villages of Osgodby, Riccall, Kelfield, Escrick, Cliffe, North Duffield, South Duffield, Hemingbrough and Bubwith. Despite its name, it is not really on much of a hill, but is slightly higher than Barlby Bridge.