Edfu also spelt Idfu, or in modern French as Edfou, and known in antiquity as Behdet is an Egyptian city, located on the West Bank of the Nile River between Esna and Aswan, with a population of approximately sixty thousand people.
Edfu is the site of the Ptolemaic Temple of Horus and an ancient settlement, Tell Edfu (described below). About 5Â km (3.1Â mi) north of Edfu are remains of ancient pyramids. The town is known for the major Ptolemaic temple, built between 237 BCE and 57 BCE, into the reign of Cleopatra VII. Of all the temple remains in Egypt, the Temple of Horus at Edfu is the most completely preserved. Built from sandstone blocks, the huge Ptolemaic temple was constructed over the site of a smaller New Kingdom temple, oriented east to west, facing towards the river. The later structure faces north to south and leaves the ruined remains of the older temple pylon to be seen on the east side of the first court.