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Aswan formerly spelled Assuan, is a city in the south of Egypt, the capital of the Aswan Governorate. Aswan is a busy market and tourist centre located just north of the Aswan Dams on the east bank of the Nile at the first cataract. The modern city has expanded and includes the formerly separate community on the island of Elephantine.
Köppen-Geiger climate classification system classifies its climate as hot desert (BWh). Aswan and Luxor have the hottest summer days of any other city in Egypt. Aswan's climate ranges from mild in the winter to very hot in the summer with absolutely no rain all year. There is maybe 1 mm (0.039 in) or 2 mm (0.079 in) of rain every 5 years. Aswan is one of the driest inhabited places in the World; as of early 2001, the last rain there was seven years earlier. As of 17 October 2012, the last rainfall was thunderstorms on May 13, 2006, January 2010 and October 2012. In Nubian settlements, they generally do not bother to roof all of the rooms in their houses.
In winter the temperatures average from 11 °C (52 °F) at night to 25 °C (77 °F) during the day. In summer the temperature averages 25 °C (77 °F) at night to 40 °C (104 °F) during the day. The highest record temperature was 51 °C (124 °F) on May 22, 1973 and the lowest record temperature was -2 °C (28 °F) on January 06, 1989.