Volcán Wolf is the highest peak in the Galapagos Islands and is situated on Isabela Island and reaches 1,707 m (5,600 ft). It is a shield volcano with a characteristic upturned soup bowl shape. The volcano was named after Theodor Wolf a German geologist who studied the Galapagos Islands in the 19th century, Wolf Island in the north of the Galapagos is also named after him. Its height makes Wolf Volcano an "ultra prominent peak", which is a peak with a topographic prominence of over 1500m.
The Galapagos Islands are believed to be formed from a mantle plume which creates a hotspot of volcanic activity away from plate boundaries where islands then form, similar to process that has created the Hawaiian islands. This plume stays in place while the Nazca plate moves above it, the relative movement of this plate is 91 degrees. The oceanic plate under Wolf Volcano is believed to be only 10 million years old and the volcano is estimated it to be less than half a million years old.