Wubu County is located in the southeastern corner of Yulin City, Shaanxi Province, and on western bank of Yellow River. It is opposite to Liulin County, Shanxi Province, neighboring Jia County and Suide County. The typical landscape within the county is loess plateau, and drought usually hovers in the area with serious soil erosion.
Wubu is an impoverished county. A large-scale high-quality coal mine was discovered in 2005, and remains to be exploited. Other natural resources include coal-derived gas, fluorite, phosphates, etc. China National Highway 307 and the Tai-Zhong railway under construction pass through the territory. Special local products are red dates and silkworm.