The XIV Los Rios Region is one of Chile's 15 first order administrative divisions. Its capital is Valdivia. Pop. 356,396 (2002 census). It began to operate as region on October 2, 2007. It was created by subdividing the Los Lagos Region in southern Chile. It consists of two provinces: Valdivia and—the newly created—Ranco that was formerly part of Valdivia Province.
The new region was established in consideration of territorial, historical and geographic factors. The original Los Lagos Region was one of the largest, most diverse regions in the country, and the integration of the Province of Valdivia was difficult because of its background which differed from the four other provinces of the region, especially the southern provinces of Chiloe and Palena.