Los Flamencos National Reserve is a nature reserve located in the commune of San Pedro de Atacama, Antofagasta Region of Chile. The reserve covers a total area of 740 square kilometres (180,000 acres) in the Central Andean dry puna ecoregion and consists of seven separate sectors. In 1996, Salar de Tara was designated a Wetland of International Importance by the Ramsar Convention. It features permanent and seasonal lakes. Among them the main one is Tara Lake, which is fed by the Zapaleri River.
Salar de Tara provides habitat for various rare and endangered species of wildlife. Mountain viscacha, Vicuña, and Darwin's Rhea are endangered species. Others, such as Andean Goose, Horned Coot, Andean Gull, Puna Tinamou and the three flamingo species inhabiting in Chile, are considered vulnerable. Conservation status of Tawny Tuco-tuco and Culpeo fox is unknown.